Browsing Impact Resources by Subject "Animal biodiversity"
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- Co-benefits of sustainable forest management in biodiversity conservation and carbon sequestration. Imai, N.; Samejima, H.; Langner, A.; Ong, R. C.; Kita, S.; Titin, J.; Chung, A.Y.C.; Lagan, P.; Lee, Y.; Kitayama, K.; Public funds (government, EU funding, public research grants); Forest Stewardship Council (2009-12-11) Type Journal ArticleSustainable forest management (SFM), which has been recently introduced to tropical natural production forests, is beneficial in maintaining timber resources, but information about the co-benefits for biodiversity conservation and carbon sequestration is currently lacking.We estimated the diversity of medium to large-bodied forest-dwelling vertebrates using a heat-sensor camera trapping system and the amount of above-ground, fine-roots, and soil organic carbon by a combination of ground surveys and aerial-imagery interpretations. This research was undertaken both in SFM applied as well as conventionally logged production forests in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. Our carbon estimation revealed that the application of SFM resulted in a net gain of 54 Mg C ha-1 on a landscape scale. Overall vertebrate diversity was greater in the SFM applied forest than in the conventionally logged forest. Specifically, several vertebrate species (6 out of recorded 36 species) showed higher frequency in the SFM applied forest than in the conventionally logged forest.The application of SFM to degraded natural production forests could result in greater diversity and abundance of vertebrate species as well as increasing carbon storage in the tropical rain forest ecosystems.
- Conservation value of tropical forests: Distance to human settlements matters more than management in Central Africa. Lhoest, S.; Fonteyn, D.; Dainou, K.; Delbecke, L.; Doucet, J.L.; Dufrêne, M.; Josso, J.F.; Ligot, G.; Oszwald, J.; Rivault, E.; Verheggen, F.; Vermeulen, C.; Biwolé, A.; Fayolle, A.; Forest Stewardship Council (2020) Type Journal Article
- Effects of human land-use on Africa's only forest-dependent felid: The African golden cat Caracal aurata. Bahaa-el-din, L.; Hunter, L.T.B.; Slotow, R.; MacDonald, D.W.; Henschel, P.; Forest Stewardship Council (2016) Type Journal Article
- How does FSC forest certification affect the acoustically active fauna in Madre de Dios, Peru? Campos-Cerqueira, M.; Tejeda-Gómez, V.; Aguilar-Amuchastegui, N.; Gutiérrez, L.N.; Aide, T.M.; Private funds (NGOs, companies, VSS self-funded etc); Forest Stewardship Council (2019) Type Journal ArticleDespite several efforts to quantify the effectiveness of forest certification in developing sustainable use of forest resources, there is little evidence that certi- fied forests are more effective in conserving fauna than non-certified managed forest. To evaluate the impact of forest certification on the fauna, we compared the biodiversity in reference sites (n = 23), Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified management sites (n = 24) and non-FSC management sites (n = 20) in the Tahuamanu region of Peru, during the dry season of 2017. Specifically, we determined if the acoustic space used (ASU), soundscapes composition, and the bird richness and composition significantly varied among the three manage- ment types. Variation in ASU was best explained by management type and mean ASU in the FSC sites was significantly greater than the reference and non-FSC sites, possibly suggesting greater richness of acoustically active species. An ordination analysis of the soundscapes showed that there was a significant difference among the three management types. There was greater dissimilarity in soundscape composition between the FSC and non-FSC sites, and greater overlap between FSC and reference sites. Bird identifications resulted in 11,300 detections of 226 bird species. Bird species richness and composition were not significantly different among the management types, indicating, in this context, that birds may not be the best indicators of different management strategies. The weak discrimination by the bird community is likely due to their dispersal ability, undisturbed primary forest matrix, and the occurrence of bamboo patches. The differences in ASU among the management types were most likely due to differences in acoustically active insects, which may be more sensitive to changes in microhabitat differences. Our findings correspond with the conclu- sions of other studies that certified forests can maintain levels of fauna biodi- versity similar to those of undisturbed primary forest in the Amazon region.
- Monitoring great ape and elephant abundance at large spatial scales: measuring effectiveness of a conservation landscape. Stokes, E.J.; Strindberg, S.; Bakabana, P.C.; Elkan, P.W.; Iyenguet, F.C.; Madzoké, B.; Malanda, G.A.F.; Mowawa, B.S.; Moukoumbou, C.; Ouakabadio, F.K.; Rainey, H.J.; Private funds (NGOs, companies, VSS self-funded etc); Forest Stewardship Council (2010-04-23) Type Journal ArticleProtected areas are fundamental to biodiversity conservation, but there is growing recognition of the need to extend beyond protected areas to meet the ecological requirements of species at larger scales. Landscape-scale conservation requires an evaluation of management impact on biodiversity under different land-use strategies; this is challenging and there exist few empirical studies. In a conservation landscape in northern Republic of Congo we demonstrate the application of a large-scale monitoring program designed to evaluate the impact of conservation interventions on three globally threatened species: western gorillas, chimpanzees and forest elephants, under three land-use types: integral protection, commercial logging, and community-based natural resource management. We applied distance-sampling methods to examine species abundance across different land-use types under varying degrees of management and human disturbance. We found no clear trends in abundance between land-use types. However, units with interventions designed to reduce poaching and protect habitats - irrespective of land-use type - harboured all three species at consistently higher abundance than a neighbouring logging concession undergoing no wildlife management. We applied Generalized-Additive Models to evaluate a priori predictions of species response to different landscape processes. Our results indicate that, given adequate protection from poaching, elephants and gorillas can profit from herbaceous vegetation in recently logged forests and maintain access to ecologically important resources located outside of protected areas. However, proximity to the single integrally protected area in the landscape maintained an overriding positive influence on elephant abundance, and logging roads – even subject to anti- poaching controls - were exploited by elephant poachers and had a major negative influence on elephant distribution. Chimpanzees show a clear preference for unlogged or more mature forests and human disturbance had a negative influence on chimpanzee abundance, in spite of anti-poaching interventions. We caution against the pitfalls of missing and confounded co-variables in model-based estimation approaches and highlight the importance of spatial scale in the response of different species to landscape processes. We stress the importance of a stratified design-based approach to monitoring species status in response to conservation interventions and advocate a holistic framework for landscape-scale monitoring that includes smaller-scale targeted research and punctual assessment of threats.