Forest Certification in Guatemala

dc.contributor.authorCarrera, F.
dc.contributor.authorStoian, D.
dc.contributor.authorCampios, J.J.
dc.contributor.authorMorales, J.
dc.contributor.authorPinelo, G.
dc.titleForest Certification in Guatemalaen
dcterms.abstractThe forest certification process in Guatemala has largely been confined to the forest concessions in the Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR), representing 95% of the country's certified forest area. Forest certification in Guatemala is unique in that certification in accordance with the scheme of the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) is mandatory for both communities and industrial groups to obtain and maintain forest concessions in the MBR. Unlike other countries where forest certification has almost exclusively been advanced in a joint effort between non-governmental organizations, development projects and the private sector, the case of Guatemala shows the important role state agencies can play as agents backing the process. Despite initial resistance, the National Council for Protected Areas (CONAP) as the state agency in charge of the Maya Biosphere Reserve permitted forest management in the MBR provided that it would be subjected to FSC certification. Sixteen forest management units covering close to half a million hectares of broadleaved forests have since been certified, including 10 community concessions, 4 cooperatives or Municipal Ejidos and 2 industrial concessions. In addition, two forest plantations outside the MBR have been certified. Notwithstanding the considerable progress towards sustainable forest management in Petén, economic benefits as returns to certification investments have generally not lived up to expectations. Moreover, forest certification has yet to gain momentum outside the Maya Biosphere Reserve where the process is voluntary. This requires a concerted effort between the various stakeholders involved, thorough cost- benefit analysis in each individual case, and the development of integrated supply chains of certified forest products. Towards this end, it is suggested to set up learning alliances between key actors in the certification process, such as managers from certified management units and processing plants, non-governmental and governmental organizations, certification and accreditation bodies, donor agencies, research institutions, and business development service providers.en
dcterms.accessRightsOpen access
dcterms.bibliographicCitationCarrera, F., Stoian, D., Campos, J.J., Morales, J. and Pinelo, G., 2006. Forest certification in Guatemala. Confronting sustainability: forest certification in developing and transitioning countries, pp.363-406.en
dcterms.licenseCopyrighted; all rights reserveden
dcterms.publisherYale University Press
dcterms.typeBook Chapter
fsc.evidenceCategoryFSC impact-related
fsc.focus.forestTypeNatural Forest
fsc.issue.economicBenefits, motivations, reasons for certification
fsc.issue.economicCosts, obstacles, barriers to certification
fsc.issue.socialLocal communities
fsc.issue.socialIndigenous peoples
fsc.topic.economicPrice premium
fsc.topic.politicalNational Forest Policy
is.availability.fullTextFull text available
is.contributor.memberForest Stewardship Council
is.coverage.regionCentral America
is.evaluation.dataSourcePrivate company data
is.evaluation.notesThis study is about Forest certification in the Maya Biosphere Reserve (MBR) in Guatemala, where FSC certification is obligatory for forest concessions. The authors have been involved in the early days of FSC certification in Guatemala and use this experiences for the article. Resulting positive and negative impacts are examined and reported, costs of certifiction are analyzed and challenges around certification listed. It also includes feedback on the audit process
is.evidenceSubTypeDescriptive information - contextual and operational
is.evidenceTypeDescriptive information
is.focus.productsTimber products
is.focus.productsOther non-timber products
is.focus.sdgSDG 15 - Life on Land
is.focus.sustainIssueWages and workers' rights
is.focus.sustainIssueParticipant costs and benefits
is.focus.sustainIssueForests and other ecosystems
is.focus.sustainLensAudits and assurance
is.focus.sustainLensLandscape approaches
is.focus.sustainOutcomeOccupational health and safety
is.focus.sustainOutcomeMarket access
is.focus.sustainOutcomeDeforestation and forest protection
is.focus.sustainOutcomePrice premiums
is.focus.systemElementMandE outcomes and impacts
is.focus.systemElementMandE performance monitoring
is.identifier.schemeNameForest Stewardship Council
is.identifier.schemeTypeVoluntary Sustainability Standards
is.item.reviewStatusPeer reviewed