Pesticides alternative strategy for Removal of Fungus (Cronartium flaccidum, Scots pine blister rust)
The hyperparasite Cladosporium tenuissimum is proposed by Moricca et al. (2001) as a possible means of control for stem rust. The aeciospores are directly penetrated and parasitized by the conidial fungus. Tests on two-year-old pine seedlings in the greenhouse showed that treatment with the parasite prevented new rust infections by an average of 42%.
Specific strategy - Biocontrol
United States of America