Impact of FSC forest certication on agroextractive communities of the state of Acre, Brazil

dc.contributor.authorde Lima, A.C.B.
dc.contributor.authorKeppe, A.L.N.
dc.contributor.authorAlves, M.C.
dc.contributor.authorMaule, R.F.
dc.contributor.authorSparovek, G
dc.titleImpact of FSC forest certication on agroextractive communities of the state of Acre, Brazilen
dcterms.abstractFPIC is increasingly seen as an appropriate tool for managing the relationship between indigenous peoples and companies wishing to exploit natural resources on the land where they live. This report is the first to consider the applicability of FPIC within the context of industrial forestry exploitation in the Congo Basin. It presents FPIC as a process to guide forestry management so as to ensure open, ongoing and equitable relationships between forest peoples and forestry companies. Such relationships are the basis for making long-term socio-economic development a consequence of forestry operations. The FPIC approach requires, above all, that forest people are aware of the issues surrounding industrial forest exploitation so that they can make informed decisions about their role in forest management. This reduces negative impacts, enhances positive ones and ensures equitable sharing of benefits. The report shows how this approach is advantageous to both forest populations and forestry companies implementing it. In impact assessment studies, the main interest is focused on the identification of the consequences of one particular treatment on one or more variables that were affected by such treatment (PRENNUSHI et al., 2000; RAVALLION, 2003; RAVALLION, 2006). In the present case of assessing the impact of socioenvironmental certification on community forest management in the State of Acre for wood production, the treatment consisted of socioenvironmental certification and the certified community forest producers were the beneficiaries. The control sample (paired) for this experiment was a group of community producers that had a profile similar to that of the beneficiaries and also practiced forest management, but who were not certified producers. The differences between the group receiving treatment (certified community producers) and the control group (non certified community producers) were attributed to the treatment (certification). The main output variables analyzed were: environmental preservation, quality of the administration of the association, use of Personal Protection Equipment (PPI), and income from wood sales. Two aspects of fundamental importance in ensuring the quality and the assumptions of this impact assessment were: i) similarity of the community forest operations, and ii) the existence of similar non certified community forest operations. Four criteria were considered in determining similarity among forest community operations: i) use of community forest management practices; ii) logging for wood production as the main forest management activity; iii) land rights/ownership situation as Agroextractive Settlement Project, and iv) forest management carried out according to the FSC Management Standard for Highland Natural Forests of the Brazilian Amazon Region.en
dcterms.accessRightsOpen access
dcterms.bibliographicCitationde Lima, A.C.B., Keppe, A.L.N., Alves, M.C., Maule, R.F. and Sparovek, G., 2008. Impact of FSC forest certification on agroextractive communities of the state of Acre, Brazil. Institutode Manejo e Certificação Florestal e Agrícola (Imaflora), University of São Paulo (USP), Entropix Engineering Company.en
dcterms.licenseCopyrighted; all rights reserveden
fsc.evidenceCategoryFSC impact-related
fsc.focus.forestTypeNatural Forest
fsc.issue.environmentalEnvironmental management
fsc.subjectForest certification
fsc.subjectComparing Schemes
fsc.subjectMarket Situation
fsc.subjectCommunity Forests
fsc.topic.economicMarket access
fsc.topic.politicalNational Forest Policy
fsc.topic.socialHealth and safety
fsc.topic.socialWorking conditions
fsc.topic.socialConsultation, participation, empowerment
fsc.topic.socialTraining and education
is.availability.fullTextFull text available
is.contributor.funderTypePrivate funds (NGOs, companies, VSS self-funded etc)
is.contributor.memberForest Stewardship Council
is.coverage.regionSouth America
is.evaluation.dataSourceIndependent researcher data
is.evaluation.notesImpact analysis of FSC certification on community forest management for wood production in Acre, Brazil, comparing paired certified (treatment) and uncertified communities(control group). 6 associations took part. Variables assessed included: 'environmental preservation, quality of management of the association, use of Personal Protection Equipement and income from wood sales. Very specific to Brazilian context, English translation not perfect.
is.evaluation.quotesThe results of this Socioenvironmental Forest Certification Impact Assessment Study show that the impactgenerated by FSC certification actions in the agroextractive communities of the State of Acre was low.
is.evaluation.quotesHowever, it is assumed that it is probable that certification may have had a positive effect on the duplication of initiatives and institutions involving support and promotion of community forest management.
is.evaluation.quotesOn the other hand, a significant number of community producers declared that, despite the fact the certified wood did not fetch higher prices, consumers showed better acceptance of certified as compared to non certified.
is.evaluation.quotesDespite the rather weak effects of certification, some positive changes related to environmental issues wereobserved, such as the degree of knowledge about the Management Plan and the PAE's Utilization Plan, executionof the activities prescribed in the Annual Operational Plan (POA), disposal of residues (garbage and sewer),awareness about the use of fire, measures to protect wildlife (hunting) and degree of involvement in environmentalcomplaints.
is.evaluation.quotesHowever, it was possible to register a high degree of dissatisfaction among certified community producers inrelation to wood sales and the corresponding economic returns. The main reasons for such dissatisfaction was thedifficulty in accessing the market for certified wood, and the absence of aggregated value in certified wood. On the otherhand, a significant number of community producers mentioned that, although there is no price differentialbetween certified and non certified wood, certified wood is better accepted by the market.
is.evidenceSubTypeEmpirical study - with matched control, data collected post-intervention
is.evidenceTypeEmpirical study
is.focus.productsForestry products
is.focus.sdgSDG 15 - Life on Land
is.focus.sustainIssueForests and other ecosystems
is.focus.sustainIssueWages and workers' rights
is.focus.sustainIssueRights of indigenous peoples and local communities
is.focus.sustainIssueParticipant costs and benefits
is.focus.sustainLensIndigenous peoples
is.focus.sustainLensTransnational governance
is.focus.sustainOutcomeDeforestation and forest protection
is.focus.sustainOutcomeOccupational health and safety
is.focus.sustainOutcomeSales of product
is.focus.sustainOutcomeGovernance mechanisms
is.focus.systemElementMandE outcomes and impacts
is.focus.systemElementMandE performance monitoring
is.identifier.schemeNameForest Stewardship Council
is.identifier.schemeTypeVoluntary Sustainability Standards