The contribution of FSC certification to biodiversity in Finnish forests.
This study evaluates the impact of FSC certi cation on biodiversity in the Finnish forest, relative to the requirements of Finnish legislation. The bene ts of FSC certi cation to forest biodiversity are most apparent regarding preserving riparian zones, promoting deciduous stands in coniferous forests, retaining biologically valuable trees in harvests, and protecting habitats that are not protected by legislation, such as large Woodland Key Habitats. FSC places minimum, quanti able targets to conserve these features and sets requirements for measures that are only formulated as recommendations in conventional forest management. The biodiversity impacts of these considerations have been evaluated based on scienti c literature. When evaluating the FSC impact on biodiversity, one must keep in mind that biodiversity constitutes one of three pillars of FSC and sustainable forestry, together with social considerations and economic viability. FSC certi cation works as a complement to legislation and other conservation practices applied in Finland for a more sustainable forestry. The report was produced by FSC Sweden in collaboration with FSC Finland. Authors are Emily Lehtonen and Henrik von Stedingk, Layout Märta Lindqvist, FSC Sweden. Contributions have been made by Eveliina Puhakka, FSC Finland, and the reference group: Kimmo Syrjänen, Erkki Eteläaho, Lauri Kajander, Inka Musta and Timo Kuuluvainen. The study was funded by ACE – The Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment.